Simon Adler-PI. The objective of this project is to contribute to a better understanding of the processes of urbanization and spatial development in India. The first part of the project will describe spatial patterns of development and provide insights into some of the main variables that are correlated with these patterns. The second part will focus on how infrastructure investments have interacted with local conditions to shape India’s urbanization and growth. Researchers will use a combination of satellite imagery, census data, transport networks, and environmental data to describe spatial patterns of development. They will then use this data in an empirical analysis of how infrastructure investments interact with local conditions to influence spatial patterns of urbanization and development. The empirical investigation will rely on a theoretical model and perform both structural and reduced form econometric analysis. The combination of reduced form and structural analysis will allow them to exploit the spatial data in an optimal way in order to gain a detailed picture of spatial development patterns at a high level of spatial disaggregation.
Meenu Tewari–PI. This project is situated at the intersection of three inter-linked challenges that confront city managers in many rapidly growing developing economies today: the challenge of fostering economic growth; of managing a complex urbanization process that is picking up speed; and of simultaneously coping with the new stressors of climate change—rising temperatures, intensified and uncertain precipitation, droughts that might threaten food and water security, urban flooding, storm surges and seal level rise—that are having an increasing impact on local economies and the wellbeing of citizens as evidenced by the growing number of weather related extreme events that disrupted life in so many cities in the past years—from Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy in the US, to Hurricane Haiyan in the Philippines and the devastating Mumbai and Uttarakhand floods in India. How can cities adapt to these new pressures without compromising on their development and economic growth goals?
To answer these questions we will reframe the old “tradeoffs” debate between growth and climate into one that simultaneously explores synergies between the growth and climate security. We focus on cities in a large, rapidly growing emerging economy, India, where both growth and responsible environmentalism are necessary to secure the livelihoods of millions, provide jobs and economic growth while pulling people out of poverty in a climate safe way. However it is in precisely these contexts, where resources are constrained, data are poor and institutional capacity is under stress that policy makers see investments in climate adaption (or resilience) as taking scarce resources away their developmental goals. Even while their high densities and large vulnerable populations puts a great number of people at eventual climate risk. Our goal therefore is to make an economic argument for motivating climate action, particularly adaptive action.
Erika Wise–PI. This project will use the tools of synoptic climatology and seasonally resolved tree-ring data (based on earlywood and latewood widths and stable isotope composition) and weekly precipitation isotope sampling at co-located sites to reconstruct storm-track position and moisture delivery pathways to the Pacific Northwest in order to: (1) develop a long-term record of storm track using stable isotope dendroclimatology; (2) determine the seasonal signal embedded within the tree rings; (3) delineate controls on spatial drought patterns through time in the Pacific Northwest; and (4) evaluate implications for future climate change. This approach will allow us to characterize the range of variability in the precipitation-delivery system, investigate seasonality issues in proxy data, and delineate the possible impacts of future projected atmospheric changes.