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The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) was founded in 1962 to investigate human development throughout the entire life process, with a focus on understanding disabilities and important events that occur during pregnancy. Since then, research conducted and funded by NICHD has helped save lives, improve wellbeing and reduce societal costs associated with illness and disability. NICHD’s mission is to ensure that every person is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from reproductive processes and that all children have the chance to achieve their full potential for healthy and productive lives. The Institute also aims to ensure the health, productivity, independence and well-being of people through optimal rehabilitation.

NICHD supports investigators at universities and other research institutions to further its public health mission. This support enables more scientists to conduct biomedical, behavioral and interventional research aimed at improving the health and wellbeing of children, families and communities throughout the world. NICHD uses various funding opportunity announcements (FOAs), including requests for applications (RFAs) and program announcements (PAs/PARs), and notices (NOTs) of changes and guidelines to stimulate and support research activities at universities and other academic institutions.