David Brower and Todd Owen–Co-PIs. Risk assessment is a critical part of a community’s hazard mitigation planning process for at least two reasons: 1) it provides vital information to the local jurisdiction to enable them to prepare more robust local mitigation plans; and 2) it provides vital information to state-level mitigation planners, giving them a better understanding of the vulnerability of the state and each local planning unit. Phase II of this initiative builds on the initial phase of the program to help communities comply with state and federal hazard mitigation planning requirements, with a focus on those areas that many communities struggled with in their initial plans–especially risk assessment. The project is also designed to gather the information and feedback needed to provide high-quality technical assistance to those developing local hazard mitigation plans. Information also will be obtained on attitudes towards and barriers to developing multi-jurisdictional regional plans. This project will lay the groundwork for future efforts to guide communities to develop plans that can be easily incorporated into regional and state plans; improve the quality of local plans both in terms of meeting FEMA criteria and ease of implementation; and increase the number of local plans that develop strategies and actions in a regional context. This research is funded by the North Carolina Division of Emergency Management.