Marwa Koheji and Margaret Joyce Wiener–PIs. The growing popularity of mechanical cooling makes understanding the relation between human bodies and their environments increasingly important. This project addresses this phenomenon by investigating how air-conditioning becomes integrated into, and orients, class and gender practices and relations in Bahrain. Bahrain is known for its hot and long summers, when most people use air-conditioning to cool themselves. Today, the air-conditioning load constitutes up to 60% of the total domestic consumption of electricity. While explanations surrounding the use of air-conditioning often presumes high temperatures to be the primary factor that motivates the adoption of this machine, this project complicates these accounts by investigating how this device becomes implicated in and reconfigures the social practices and relations that pertain to class and gender. It asks: How does air-conditioning shape and reconfigure class and gender practices and relations? To explore these questions, this project relies on historical and ethnographic methods to investigate three empirical domains: the material forms and infrastructure of air-conditioning, the history of air-conditioning in Bahrain, and everyday experiences of cooling and heat exposure among low, middle and high-income Bahraini families.