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Martin DoylePI. Funded by the National Science Foundation, this research used the relatively well-established stream mitigation banking industry in North Carolina to examine the interactions and tensions between restoration science, environmental policy, and market forces, and how they have shaped the mitigation banking industry. To address questions and hypotheses surrounding mitigation banking they used a combination of biophysical surveys and modeling, policy analysis and archival data collection, and interviews. A series of field sites were characterized using: well-established biophysical field methods; the goals for regulatory performance standard attainment; and the methods and criteria considered relevant by entrepreneurial stream bankers. A series of interviews were conducted with private bankers, regulatory personnel, and scientists in order to evaluate how individuals responding to the divergent interests of science, policy, and markets encounter and resolve tensions. In addition, a series of educational workshops were held for students utilizing this project to illustrate cross-cutting research hypotheses development, methods, and interpretation in the natural and social sciences. Contact Martin Doyle for more information at