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Scott KirschPI. What is the nature of territoriality in an era characterized by the emergence of new global flows and exchanges that transcend, even as they are structured or regulated by, national boundaries? This question is vital today as it was to problems of governance one hundred years ago when, in the wake of the 1898 Spanish-American War, the U.S. expanded its jurisdictions into the Caribbean and Pacific amidst resistance both at home and abroad. During this period, while extending commercial and military activities and building influence beyond its borders, the U.S. depended on flows of people, goods, and ideas from the outside for economic growth and prosperity within, making the construction of new modes of territoriality—the inclusionary and exclusionary practices meant to influence the nature and content of an area—a practical necessity. This research examined in particular the role of science and scientific modes of representation—including cartography—in the practical and discursive construction of interior, insular, and exterior territories and modes of territoriality. It focused on the work of U.S. federal and colonial scientists and scientific bureaus during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the U.S. and Philippines, where science and education had crucial roles to play in U.S. colonial governance and tutelage.  The research explored the intersection of that work with processes of state formation; the creation of national and global markets at a formative stage in U.S. global expansion; and public debates over science, U.S. imperialism, and “insular governance.” The research improves our understanding of the changing dimensions of U.S. territoriality over relatively long historical periods, focusing on the interrelations of science and institutions of governance in effecting these transformations.  The research contributed to several publications and projects:  An article, “The Allison Commission and the National Map:  Towards a Republic of Knowledge in Late Nineteenth-Century America,” in the Journal of Historical Geography  36: 29–42, 2010 and a book co-edited with Colin Flint, Reconstructing Conflict: Integrating War and Post-War Geographies (Ashgate Publishing/Critical Geopolitics Series:  Surrey, United Kingdom, 2011).  In progress is a second book that deals with early twentieth century construction of American colonial spaces in the Philippines.  For additional information contact Scott Kirsch at